DETECT-LC: A 3D Deep Learning and Textural Radiomics Computational Model for Lung Cancer Staging and Tumor Phenotyping Based on Computed Tomography Volumes
by Karma M. Fathalla, Sherin M. Youssef and Nourhan Mohammed
Lung Cancer is one of the primary causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Timely diagnosis and precise staging are pivotal for treatment planning, and thus can lead to increased survival rates. The application of advanced machine learning techniques helps in effective diagnosis and staging. In this study, a multistage neurobased computational model is proposed, DETECT-LC learning. DETECT-LC handles the challenge of choosing discriminative CT slices for constructing 3D volumes, using Haralick, histogram-based radiomics, and unsupervised clustering. ALT-CNN-DENSE Net architecture is introduced as part of DETECT-LC for voxel-based classification. DETECT-LC offers an automatic threshold-based segmentation approach instead of the manual procedure, to help mitigate this burden for radiologists and clinicians. Also, DETECT-LC presents a slice selection approach and a newly proposed relatively light weight 3D CNN architecture to improve existing studies performance. The proposed pipeline is employed for tumor phenotyping and staging. DETECT-LC performance is assessed through a range of experiments, in which DETECT-LC attains outstanding performance surpassing its counterparts in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, F1-score and Area under Curve (AuC). For histopathology classification, DETECT-LC average performance achieved an improvement of 20% in overall accuracy, 0.19 in sensitivity, 0.16 in F1-Score and 0.16 in AuC over the state of the art. A similar enhancement is reached for staging, where higher overall accuracy, sensitivity and F1-score are attained with differences of 8%, 0.08 and 0.14.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.3390/app12136318