Analysis of preoperative risk factors for early recurrence after curative pancreatoduodenectomy for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma
Pipit Burasakarn, Anuparp Thienhiran, Pusit Fuengfoo and Sermsak Hongjinda
Objectives: To investigate the risk factors for early recurrence after curative pancreatoduodenectomy for resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
Methods: All data were retrospectively collected from patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who had undergone pancreatoduodenectomy at the Department of Surgery, Phramongkutklao Hospital, from January 2015 to December 2020. The preoperative and perioperative risk factors were included into the analysis.
Results: In total, 34 patients were included in the study. The median time for recurrence and median survival time were 17 and 20 months, respectively. The 1, 3, and 5 year disease-free survival rates were 59.6%, 23.87%, and 23.87%, respectively, while the 1, 3, and 5 year overall survival rates were 81%, 24.7%, and 12.4%, respectively. Seventeen patients (50%) from a total of 34 patients had recurrence, and ten patients (29.41%) had recurrence within 12 months. The independent preoperative risk factor associated with adverse disease-free survival was tumor size > 4 cm (hazard ratio [HR], 14.34, p=0.022). The perioperative risk factors associated with adverse disease-free survival were pathological lymphovascular invasion (HR, 4.31; p=0.048) and non-hepatopancreatobiliary surgeon (HR, 5.9; p=0.022). Risk factors associated with poor overall survival were microscopical margin positive (R1) resection (HR, 3.68; p=0.019) and non-hepatopancreatobiliary surgeon (HR, 3.45; p=0.031).
Conclusions: Tumor size > 4 cm from the preoperative imaging study was a poor prognostic factor for early recurrence after curative pancreatoduodenectomy for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma indicated that they may have radiological occult metastasis, thus, staging laparoscopy may reduce the number of unnecessary laparotomies and avoid missing radiologically negative metastases.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1515/iss-2021-0034