Focal Benign Liver Lesions and Their Diagnostic Pitfalls
Edouard Reizine MD, Sébastien Mulé MD, PhD, Alain Luciani MD, PhD
Focal hepatic lesions are frequently discovered incidentally on cross-sectional imaging or abdominal ultrasound,1,2 and in the general population, a vast majority of those incidental findings are benign entities.1 However, the formal diagnosis of benign liver lesions is not always straightforward and may require advanced imaging modalities, such as MRI with hepatobiliary contrast agent or contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).3 This review presents the typical features of the main benign liver lesions, including focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH), hepatocellular adenoma (HCA), hepatic cysts, hemangioma, angiomyolipoma, and pseudotumors, such as inflammatory pseudotumors or hepatic granulomas. However, beyond the specific and classical MRI features, some lesions may present atypical patterns. Moreover, arterial phase hyperenhancement, often present in benign liver lesions, can be seen in malignant lesions such as hepatocellular carcinoma. Hence, accurate analysis of clinical and biological contexts is mandatory to optimize our diagnostic performance. The objective of this investigation was, therefore, to review the specific presentations of benign liver tumors and to illustrate their diagnostic pitfalls.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2022.05.005