An Interpretable Chest CT Deep Learning Algorithm for Quantification of COVID-19 Lung Disease and Prediction of Inpatient Morbidity and Mortality
Jordan H Chamberlin, Gilberto Aquino, Uwe Joseph Schoepf, Sophia Nance, Franco Godoy, Landin Carson, Vincent M Giovagnoli, Callum E Gill, Liam J McGill, Jim O'Doherty, Tilman Emrich, Jeremy R Burt, Dhiraj Baruah, Akos Varga-Szemes, Ismail M Kabakus
Acad Radiol . 2022 Aug;29(8):1178-1188. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2022.03.023. Epub 2022 Apr 4.
Rationale and objectives: The burden of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) airspace opacities is time consuming and challenging to quantify on computed tomography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a deep convolutional neural network (dCNN) to predict inpatient outcomes associated with COVID-19 pneumonia.
Materials and methods: A previously trained dCNN was tested on an external validation cohort of 241 patients who presented to the emergency department and received a chest computed tomography scan, 93 with COVID-19 and 168 without. Airspace opacity scoring systems were defined by the extent of airspace opacity in each lobe, totaled across the entire lungs. Expert and dCNN scores were concurrently evaluated for interobserver agreement, while both dCNN identified airspace opacity scoring and raw opacity values were used in the prediction of COVID-19 diagnosis and inpatient outcomes.
Results: Interobserver agreement for airspace opacity scoring was 0.892 (95% CI 0.834-0.930). Probability of each outcome behaved as a logistic function of the opacity scoring (25% intensive care unit admission at score of 13/25, 25% intubation at 17/25, and 25% mortality at 20/25). Length of hospitalization, intensive care unit stay, and intubation were associated with larger airspace opacity score (p = 0.032, 0.039, 0.036, respectively).
Conclusion: The tested dCNN was highly predictive of inpatient outcomes, performs at a near expert level, and provides added value for clinicians in terms of prognostication and disease severity.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2022.03.023