Computer-aided differentiates benign from malignant IPMN and MCN with a novel feature selection algorithm
Chengkang Li, Ran Wei, Yishen Mao, Yi Guo, Ji Li, Yuanyuan Wang
Math Biosci Eng . 2021 May 31;18(4):4743-4760. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2021241.
In clinical practice, differentiating benign from malignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) preoperatively is crucial for deciding future treating algorithm. However, it remains challenging as benign and malignant lesions usually show similarities in both imaging appearances and clinical indices. Therefore, a robust and accurate computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on radiomics and clinical indices was proposed in this paper to solve this dilemma. In the proposed CAD system, 107 patients were enrolled, where 90 cases were randomly selected for the training set with 5-fold cross validation to build the diagnostic model, while 17 cases were remained for an independent testing set to validate the performance. 436 high-throughput radiomics features while 9 clinical indices were designed and extracted. A novel feature selection algorithm named BLR (Bootstrapping repeated LASSO with Random selections) was proposed to select the most effective features. Then the selected features were sent to Support Vector Machine (SVM) to differentiate the benign or malignant. In the cross-validation cohort and independent testing cohort, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of CAD scheme were 0.83 and 0.92, respectively. The results fully prove the proposed CAD system achieves significant effect in tumors diagnosis.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.3934/mbe.2021241