Implicit data crimes: Machine learning bias arising from misuse of public data
Efrat Shimron, Jonathan I Tamir, Ke Wang, Michael Lustig
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A . 2022 Mar 29;119(13):e2117203119. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2117203119. Epub 2022 Mar 21.
SignificancePublic databases are an important resource for machine learning research, but their growing availability sometimes leads to "off-label" usage, where data published for one task are used for another. This work reveals that such off-label usage could lead to biased, overly optimistic results of machine-learning algorithms. The underlying cause is that public data are processed with hidden processing pipelines that alter the data features. Here we study three well-known algorithms developed for image reconstruction from magnetic resonance imaging measurements and show they could produce biased results with up to 48% artificial improvement when applied to public databases. We relate to the publication of such results as implicit "data crimes" to raise community awareness of this growing big data problem.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2117203119