Preoperative differentiation of serous cystic neoplasms from mucin-producing pancreatic cystic neoplasms using a CT-based radiomics nomogram
Shuai Chen, Shuai Ren, Kai Guo, Marcus J. Daniels, Zhongqiu Wang & Rong Chen
Purpose: To develop and validate a CT-based radiomics nomogram in preoperative differential diagnosis of SCNs from mucin-producing PCNs.
Material and methods: A total of 89 patients consisting of 31 SCNs, 30 IPMNs, and 28 MCNs who underwent preoperative CT were analyzed. A total of 710 radiomics features were extracted from each case. Patients were divided into training (n = 63) and validation cohorts (n = 26) with a ratio of 7:3. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method and logistic regression analysis were used for feature selection and model construction. A nomogram was created from a comprehensive model consisting of clinical features and the fusion radiomics signature. A decision curve analysis was used for clinical decisions.
Results: The radiomics features extracted from CT could assist with the differentiation of SCNs from mucin-producing PCNs in both the training and validation cohorts. The signature of the combination of the plain, late arterial, and venous phases had the largest areas under the curve (AUCs) of 0.960 (95% CI 0.910–1) in the training cohort and 0.817 (95% CI 0.651–0.983) in the validation cohort with good calibration. The value and efficacy of the nomogram was verified using decision curve analysis.
Conclusion: A comprehensive nomogram incorporating clinical features and fusion radiomics signature can differentiate SCNs from mucin-producing PCNs.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-021-02954-8