CT Radiomics-Based Preoperative Survival Prediction in Patients With Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
Seyoun Park, Jonathan G Sham, Satomi Kawamoto, Alex B Blair, Noah Rozich, Daniel F Fouladi, Shahab Shayesteh, Ralph H Hruban, Jin He, Christopher L Wolfgang, Alan L Yuille, Elliot K Fishman, Linda C Chu
AJR Am J Roentgenol . 2021 Sep 1;1-9. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.23490. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is often a lethal malignancy with limited preoperative predictors of long-term survival. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic utility of preoperative CT radiomics features in predicting postoperative survival of patients with PDAC.
MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 153 patients with surgically resected PDAC who underwent preoperative CT between 2011 and 2017 were retrospectively identified. Demographic, clinical, and survival information was collected from the medical records. Survival time after the surgical resection was used to stratify patients into a low-risk group (survival time > 3 years) and a high-risk group (survival time < 1 year). The 3D volume of the whole pancreatic tumor and background pancreas were manually segmented. A total of 478 radiomics features were extracted from tumors and 11 extra features were computed from pancreas boundaries. The 10 most relevant features were selected by feature reduction. Survival analysis was performed on the basis of clinical parameters both with and without the addition of the selected features. Survival status and time were estimated by a random survival forest algorithm. Concordance index (C-index) was used to evaluate performance of the survival prediction model.
RESULTS. The mean age of patients with PDAC was 67 ± 11 (SD) years. The mean tumor size was 3.31 ± 2.55 cm. The 10 most relevant radiomics features showed 82.2% accuracy in the classification of high-risk versus low-risk groups. The C-index of survival prediction with clinical parameters alone was 0.6785. The addition of CT radiomics features improved the C-index to 0.7414.
CONCLUSION. Addition of CT radiomics features to standard clinical factors improves survival prediction in patients with PDAC.
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