Deep Learning: An Update for Radiologists
Phillip M Cheng, Emmanuel Montagnon, Rikiya Yamashita, Ian Pan, Alexandre Cadrin-Chênevert, Francisco Perdigón Romero, Gabriel Chartrand, Samuel Kadoury, An Tang
Radiographics . Sep-Oct 2021;41(5):1427-1445. doi: 10.1148/rg.2021200210.
Deep learning is a class of machine learning methods that has been successful in computer vision. Unlike traditional machine learning methods that require hand-engineered feature extraction from input images, deep learning methods learn the image features by which to classify data. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs), the core of deep learning methods for imaging, are multilayered artificial neural networks with weighted connections between neurons that are iteratively adjusted through repeated exposure to training data. These networks have numerous applications in radiology, particularly in image classification, object detection, semantic segmentation, and instance segmentation. The authors provide an update on a recent primer on deep learning for radiologists, and they review terminology, data requirements, and recent trends in the design of CNNs; illustrate building blocks and architectures adapted to computer vision tasks, including generative architectures; and discuss training and validation, performance metrics, visualization, and future directions. Familiarity with the key concepts described will help radiologists understand advances of deep learning in medical imaging and facilitate clinical adoption of these techniques.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2021200210