Prostatic Artery Embolization: Indications, Preparation, Techniques, Imaging Evaluation, Reporting, and Complications
Ubenicio Silveira Dias Jr, Maurício Ruettimann Liberato de Moura, Publio Cesar Cavalcante Viana, André Moreira de Assis, Antônio Sérgio Zanfred Marcelino, Airton Mota Moreira, Claudia Costa Leite, Giovanni Guido Cerri, Francisco Cesar Carnevale, Natally Horvat
Radiographics . Sep-Oct 2021;41(5):1509-1530. doi: 10.1148/rg.2021200144. Epub 2021 Aug 20.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a noncancerous growth of the transitional zone of the prostate, which surrounds the prostatic urethra. Consequently, it can cause lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and bladder outlet obstruction symptoms that may substantially reduce a patient's quality of life. Several treatments are available for BPH, including medications such as α-blockers and 5α-reductase inhibitors and surgical options including transurethral resection of the prostate and prostatectomy. Recently, prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has emerged as a minimally invasive treatment option for selected men with BPH and moderate to severe LUTS. Adequate pre- and postprocedural evaluations with clinical examinations and questionnaires, laboratory tests, and urodynamic and imaging examinations (particularly US, MRI, and CT) are of key importance to achieve successful treatment. Considering that the use of PAE has been increasing in tertiary hospital facilities, radiologists and interventional radiologists should be aware of the main technical concepts of PAE and the key features to address in imaging reports in pre- and postprocedural settings.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2021200144