Urinary involvement in Erdheim-Chester disease: computed tomography imaging findings
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2021 Sep;46(9):4324-4331. doi: 10.1007/s00261-021-03106-8. Epub 2021 May 10.
Zhe Wu, Guo-Lu Jiang, Yi Tang, Chao Jiang, Lu-Lu Sun, Ning Li, Zheng-Yu Jin, Hao Sun
Purpose: To describe the urological manifestations of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) and their computed tomography (CT) findings.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 48 patients diagnosed with ECD at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to January 2020. Twenty-four patients exhibited urological manifestations. Their CT findings, including appearances of the involved area (e.g., perirenal space, renal sinus, ureters, renal arteries, and adrenal glands), occurrence rate of ECD involvement in each area, signal enhancement pattern after CT contrast agent administration, disease progression, and causes of hydronephrosis were discussed.
Results: In 24 patients with evidence of ECD urological involvement, the most common manifestation was perirenal infiltration, appearing as "hairy kidney" on unenhanced CT scans and moderate signal enhancement on enhanced CT scans (17/24, 70.8%). Other manifestations included renal sinus infiltration (16/24, 66.7%), proximal ureter involvement (14, 58.3%), renal artery sheath (10, 41.7%), hydronephrosis (14, 58.3%), and adrenal glands involvement (8, 33.3%). The histiocytic infiltrate was mostly bilateral, starting from the perirenal space and spreading to the renal sinus and ureters. Hydronephrosis was usually associated with infiltration of ureters.
Conclusion: Kidneys are the most common visceral organs affected by ECD. CT scanning is not only advantageous in early diagnosis, but also critical for designing the treatment regime for patients with ECD.
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