Medical Student Perspectives on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Practice of Medicine
Curr Probl Diagn Radiol . Sep-Oct 2021;50(5):614-619. doi: 10.1067/j.cpradiol.2020.06.011. Epub 2020 Jun 27.
Christian J Park, Paul H Yi, Eliot L Siegel
Introduction: Concerns about radiologists being replaced by artificial intelligence (AI) from the lay media could have a negative impact on medical students' perceptions of radiology as a viable specialty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate United States of America medical students' perceptions about radiology and other medical specialties in relation to AI.
Methods: An anonymous, web-based survey was sent to 32 radiology interest groups at United States medical schools. The survey was comprised of 6 questions assessing medical student perceptions of AI and its potential impact on radiology and other medical specialties. Responses were voluntary and collected over a 6-month period from November 2017 to April 2018.
Results: A total of 156 students responded with representation from each year of medical school. Over 75% agreed that AI would have a significant role in the future of medicine. Most (66%) agreed that diagnostic radiology would be the specialty most greatly affected. Nearly half (44%) reported that AI made them less enthusiastic about radiology. The majority of students (57%) obtained their information about AI from online articles. Thematic analysis of free answer comments revealed mostly neutral comments towards AI, however, the negative responses were the strongest and most detailed.
Conclusions: US medical students believe that AI will play a significant role in medicine, particularly in radiology. However, nearly half are less enthusiastic about the field of radiology due to AI. As the majority receive information about AI from online articles, which may have negative sentiments towards AI's impact on radiology, formal AI education and medical student outreach may help combat misinformation and help prevent the dissuading of medical students who might otherwise consider the specialty.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1067/j.cpradiol.2020.06.011