CT features of fibrosing mediastinitis
Diagn Interv Imaging . 2021 Jun 21;S2211-5684(21)00143-1. doi: 10.1016/j.diii.2021.05.013. Online ahead of print.
Alexandre Garin, Guillaume Chassagnon, Arnaud Tual, Marie-Pierre Revel
Dear Editor, Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare but potentially life-threatening proliferation of dense infiltrative fibrous tissue in the mediastinum that causes compression or obstruction of hilar or mediastinal organs. Arterial, venous and aerodigestive tract involvement is at the origin of symptoms and influences prognosis . The non-specific clinical presentation includes cough, dyspnea, recurrent pneumonia, hemoptysis, or pleuritic pain. The main accepted hypothesis is that the origin of this proliferation is secondary to an abnormal immunologic reaction. The purpose of this letter was to report our experience with FM and describe the computed tomography (CT) features allowing identification of this uncommon entity.
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