Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma with Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation
Radiographics . 2021 Aug 13;200206. doi: 10.1148/rg.2021200206. Online ahead of print.
Jamie Marko, Ryan Craig, Andrew Nguyen, Aaron M Udager, Darcy J Wolfman
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a heterogeneous group of neoplasms derived from the renal tubular epithelial cells. Chromophobe RCC (chRCC) is the third most common subtype of RCC, accounting for 5% of cases. chRCC may be detected as an incidental finding or less commonly may manifest with clinical symptoms. The mainstay of therapy for chRCC is surgical resection. chRCC has a better prognosis compared with the more common clear cell RCC. At gross pathologic analysis, chRCC is a solid well-defined mass with lobulated borders. Histologic findings vary by subtype but include large pale polygonal cells with abundant transparent cytoplasm, crinkled "raisinoid" nuclei with perinuclear halos, and prominent cell membranes. Pathologic analysis reveals only moderate vascularity. The most common imaging pattern is a predominantly solid renal mass with circumscribed margins and enhancement less than that of the renal cortex. The authors discuss chRCC with emphasis on correlative pathologic findings and illustrate the multimodality imaging appearances of chRCC by using cases from the Radiologic Pathology Archives of the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology.
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