Utility of preoperative computed tomography features in predicting the Ki-67 labeling index of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors
Eur J Radiol . 2021 Jun 30;142:109840. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.109840. Online ahead of print.
Xiao-Shan Chen, Ying-Chan Shan, San-Yuan Dong, Wen-Tao Wang, Yu-Tao Yang, Li-Heng Liu, Zhi-Han Xu, Meng-Su Zeng, Sheng-Xiang Rao
Purpose: To evaluate the value of preoperative computed tomography (CT) features including morphologic and quantitative features for predicting the Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67LI) of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).
Methods: We retrospectively included 167 patients with gastric GISTs who underwent preoperative contrast-enhanced CT. We assessed the morphologic features of preoperative CT images and the quantitative features including the maximum diameter of tumor, total tumor volume, mean total tumor CT value, necrosis volume, necrosis volume ratio, enhanced tissue volume, and mean CT value of enhanced tissue. Potential predictive parameters to distinguish the high-level Ki-67LI group (>4%, n = 125) from the low-level Ki-67LI group (≤4%, n = 42) were compared and subsequently determined in multivariable logistic regression analysis.
Results: Growth pattern (p = 0.036), shape (p = 0.000), maximum diameter (p = 0.018), total tumor volume (p = 0.021), mean total tumor CT value (p = 0.009), necrosis volume (p = 0.006), necrosis volume ratio (p = 0.000), enhanced tissue volume (p = 0.027), and mean CT value of enhanced tissue (p = 0.004) were significantly different between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that lobulated/irregular shape (odds ratio [OR] = 3.817; p = 0.000) and high necrosis volume ratio (OR = 1.935; p = 0.024) were independent factors of high-level Ki-67LI.
Conclusions: Higher necrosis volume ratio in combination with lobulated/irregular shape could potentially predict high expression of Ki-67LI for gastric GISTs.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.109840