Multi-scale U-like network with attention mechanism for automatic pancreas segmentation
PLoS One . 2021 May 27;16(5):e0252287. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0252287. eCollection 2021.
Yingjing Yan, Defu Zhang
In recent years, the rapid development of deep neural networks has made great progress in automatic organ segmentation from abdominal CT scans. However, automatic segmentation for small organs (e.g., the pancreas) is still a challenging task. As an inconspicuous and small organ in the abdomen, the pancreas has a high degree of anatomical variability and is indistinguishable from the surrounding organs and tissues, which usually leads to a very vague boundary. Therefore, the accuracy of pancreatic segmentation is sometimes below satisfaction. In this paper, we propose a 2.5D U-net with an attention mechanism. The proposed network includes 2D convolutional layers and 3D convolutional layers, which means that it requires less computational resources than 3D segmentation models while it can capture more spatial information along the third dimension than 2D segmentation models. Then We use a cascaded framework to increase the accuracy of segmentation results. We evaluate our network on the NIH pancreas dataset and measure the segmentation accuracy by the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). Experimental results demonstrate a better performance compared with state-of-the-art methods.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0252287