CT-Radiomic Approach to Predict G1/2 Nonfunctional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor
Acad Radiol . 2020 Dec;27(12):e272-e281. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2020.01.002. Epub 2020 Feb 6.
Zengrui Zhao, Yun Bian, Hui Jiang, Xu Fang, Jing Li, Kai Cao, Chao Ma, Li Wang, Jianming Zheng, Xiaodong Yue, Huiran Zhang, Xiangxue Wang, Anant Madabhushi, Jun Xu, Gang Jin, Jianping Lu
Rationale and objectives: Tumor grading of nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NF-pNETs) determines the choice of clinical treatment and management. The pathological grade of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors is usually assessed on postoperative specimens. The goal of our study is to establish a tumor grade (G) prediction model for preoperative G1/2 NF-pNETs using radiomics for multislice spiral CT image analysis.
Materials and methods: This retrospective study included a primary cohort of 59 patients and an independent validation cohort of 40 consecutive patients; their multislice spiral CT images were collected from October 2012 to October 2016 and October 2016 to June 2018, respectively. All 99 patients were diagnosed with clinicopathologically confirmed NF-pNETs. Most significant radiomic features were selected using the minimum redundancy and maximum relevance algorithm. Support vector machine classifier with a radial basis function-based predictive model was subsequently developed for clinical use.
Results: A total of 585 radiomics features were extracted from every phase for each patient. Six of these radiomics features were identified as most discriminant features for G1 and G2 tumors and used to construct the tumor grade prediction model. The prediction model resulted in the area under the curve values of 0.968 (95% CI: 0.900-0.991) and 0.876 (95% CI: 0.700-0.963) for the training cohort and validation cohort, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity were 96.4% and 83.9%, and 90.9% and 88.9% for the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The decision curves indicated that if the threshold probability is above 0.1, using the rad-score in the current study on G1/2 NF-pNETs is more beneficial than the treat-all-patients scheme or the treat-none scheme.
Conclusion: Radiomics developed with a combination of nonenhanced and portal venous phases can achieve favorable predictive accuracy for histological grade for G1/G2 NF-pNETs.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2020.01.002