Feasibility of wide detector CT perfusion imaging performed during routine staging and restaging of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2021 May;46(5):1992-2002. doi: 10.1007/s00261-020-02786-y. Epub 2020 Oct 20.
Ryan B O'Malley, Erik V Soloff, Andrew L Coveler, Danielle H Cox, Nitin Desai, Janet M Busey, Greta M Valentin, Carolyn L Wang
Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of CT perfusion performed during routine multiphase contrast-enhanced CT on a 160 mm wide-coverage 256-slice scanner in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).
Methods: Fifty-seven patients had a CT perfusion acquisition during their routine multiphase CT. Perfusion was performed 5 to 42.5 s (15 passes at 2.5 s intervals) after intravenous contrast administration (4.2-5 ml/s), followed by pancreatic parenchymal and portal venous phases for clinical interpretation. Perfusion maps were generated and blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), and permeability surface area product (PS) for tumor and uninvolved pancreas were calculated using deconvolution algorithms and compared to existing similar publications. Radiation dose information was recorded and size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) was calculated using body dimensions.
Results: Diagnostic quality of standard images was unaffected by performing the perfusion acquisition. Average tumor center BF was 20.8 ± 12.1 ml/100 g/min, BV 2.5 ± 2.1 ml/100 g and PS 15.5 ± 39.4 ml/100 g/min. Average pancreas BF was 90.8 ± 50.2 ml/100 g/min, BV 11.9 ± 4.3 ml/100 g and PS 33.6 ± 27.7 ml/100 g/min. For the perfusion acquisition, mean SSDE was 57 ± 11 mGy, CTDIvol 43 ± 6 mGy and DLP 685 ± 100 mGy-cm.
Conclusion: Adding a perfusion CT acquisition to standard pancreatic CT protocol is feasible using a wide-detector 256-slice CT scanner and adds quantitative information while maintaining diagnostic quality of the standard of care examination. This novel protocol adds no time or cost to the examination and yields perfusion parameters that are comparable to existing literature using a separate dedicated perfusion protocol.
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