A review of deep learning based methods for medical image multi-organ segmentation
Phys Med . 2021 May 13;85:107-122. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2021.05.003. Online ahead of print.
Yabo Fu, Yang Lei, Tonghe Wang, Walter J Curran, Tian Liu, Xiaofeng Yang
Deep learning has revolutionized image processing and achieved the-state-of-art performance in many medical image segmentation tasks. Many deep learning-based methods have been published to segment different parts of the body for different medical applications. It is necessary to summarize the current state of development for deep learning in the field of medical image segmentation. In this paper, we aim to provide a comprehensive review with a focus on multi-organ image segmentation, which is crucial for radiotherapy where the tumor and organs-at-risk need to be contoured for treatment planning. We grouped the surveyed methods into two broad categories which are 'pixel-wise classification' and 'end-to-end segmentation'. Each category was divided into subgroups according to their network design. For each type, we listed the surveyed works, highlighted important contributions and identified specific challenges. Following the detailed review, we discussed the achievements, shortcomings and future potentials of each category. To enable direct comparison, we listed the performance of the surveyed works that used thoracic and head-and-neck benchmark datasets.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2021.05.003