The Impact of Implementing 24/7 Cardiac CTA Interpretation in the Emergency Department on Patient Care: Retrospective Analysis of a Single-Center Experience
AJR Am J Roentgenol . 2021 Apr 14;1-7. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.23402. Online ahead of print.
Rawan Abu Mughli, Tong Wu, Adam I Kramer, Nicolas Murray, Ana-Maria Bilawich, Faisal Khosa, Savvas Nicolaou
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to provide insight on the diagnostic validity of cardiac CTA (CCTA) to identify obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and patients who require urgent intervention, compared with those who require same-admission coronary catheterization (CC), and to help elucidate the necessity of a 24/7 CCTA service.
MATERIALS AND METHODS. We retrospectively reviewed 658 consecutive CCTA examinations performed of emergency department (ED) patients who presented with acute chest pain from October 1, 2013, to February 28, 2018. Patients were categorized by CAD severity on CCTA. Using same-admission CC as the reference standard, we assessed CCTA's validity to identify obstructive disease using PPV, NPV, sensitivity, and specificity and CCTA's validity to identify patients who require urgent intervention. The added value of the CCTA findings of subendocardial hypoattenuation and wall motion abnormality was evaluated. CCTA examinations were categorized on the basis of the time of day when scanning was performed.
RESULTS. The PPV, NPV, and sensitivity of CCTA to diagnose obstructive CAD were 0.87, 0.79, and 0.95, respectively. Nine percent of the scanned patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or were referred for urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The presence of obstructive CAD on CCTA has a PPV of 0.73 to identify patients deemed to be at higher acute coronary syndrome (ACS) risk to warrant urgent PCI or CABG. Wall motion abnormality increased the PPV to 1.0; subendocardial attenuation increased the PPV to 0.9. The NPV and sensitivity were 0.89 and 0.97, respectively. Of the CCTA examinations, 54% were performed outside regular working hours. Of the patients who received urgent interventions, 62% underwent CCTA examinations performed outside regular working hours.
CONCLUSION. CCTA provides high correlation with CC, helps identify individuals with high ACS risk, and is further strengthened by functional analysis; 24/7 CCTA service is warranted.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.20.23402