Virtual monochromatic reconstructions of dual energy CT in abdominal trauma: optimization of energy level improves pancreas laceration conspicuity and diagnostic confidence
Emerg Radiol . 2021 Feb;28(1):1-7. doi: 10.1007/s10140-020-01791-4. Epub 2020 May 30.
Gavin Sugrue, John P Walsh, Yilin Zhang, Bonnie Niu, Francesco Macri, Elina Khasanova, Omar Metwally, Nicolas Murray, Savvas Nicolaou
Purpose: Pancreatic injury is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Pancreatic lacerations can be challenging to identify as the pancreas is not scanned at peak enhancement in most trauma CT protocols. This study qualitatively and quantitively assessed pancreatic lacerations with virtual monoenergetic dual-energy CT (DE CT) to establish an optimal energy level for visualization of pancreatic lacerations.
Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained. We retrospectively examined 17 contrast-enhanced CT studies in patients with blunt trauma with MRCP, ERCP, or surgically proven pancreatic lacerations. All studies were performed in our Emergency Department from 2016 to 2019 with a 128 slice dual-source DE CT scanner. Conventional 120 kVp and noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI) datasets were created. VMI energy levels were constructed from 40 to 100 keV in 10 keV increments and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Pancreatic laceration attenuation, background parenchymal attenuation, and noise were calculated. Qualitative assessment was performed by two independent readers.
Results: The optimal CNR for the assessment of pancreatic lacerations was observed at VMI-40 in comparison with standard reconstructions and the remaining VMI energy levels (p = 0.001). Readers reported improved contrast resolution, diagnostic confidence, and laceration conspicuity at VMI at 40 keV (p = 0.016, p = 0.002, and p = 0.0012 respectively). However, diagnostic acceptability and subjective noise were improved on conventional polyenergentic images (p = 0.0006 and p = 0.001 respectively).
Conclusion: Dual energy CT at VMI-40 maximizes the CNR of pancreatic laceration, improves diagnostic confidence, and increases laceration conspicuity.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10140-020-01791-4