Multimodality imaging of pancreas-kidney transplants
Clin Imaging . 2021 Jan;69:185-195. doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.07.028. Epub 2020 Jul 29.
Ashish P Wasnik, Anum A Aslam, John D Millet, Amit Pandya, Ronald O Bude
Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant remains a treatment option for patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus type 1, aimed at restoring normoglycemia, alleviating insulin dependency, avoiding diabetic nephropathy, and thereby improving the quality of life. Imaging remains critical in the assessment of these transplant grafts. Ultrasound with Doppler remains the primary imaging modality for establishing baseline assessment of the graft as well as for evaluating vascular, parenchymal, and perigraft complications. Noncontrast MR imaging is preferred over non-contrast CT for evaluation of parenchymal or perigraft complications in patients with decreased renal function, although contrast-enhanced CT/MR imaging may be obtained following multidisciplinary consultation in cases with high clinical and laboratory suspicion for graft dysfunction. Catheter angiography is reserved primarily for therapeutic intervention in suspected or confirmed vascular complications. An understanding of the surgical techniques and imaging appearance of a normal graft is crucial to identify potential complications and direct timely management. This article provides an overview of surgical techniques, normal imaging appearance, as well as the spectrum of imaging findings and potential complications in pancreas-kidney transplants.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.07.028