Imaging review of sickle cell disease for the emergency radiologist
Emerg Radiol . 2021 Feb;28(1):153-164. doi: 10.1007/s10140-020-01828-8. Epub 2020 Jul 31.
Shenise N Gilyard, Scott L Hamlin, Jamlik-Omari Johnson, Keith D Herr
Sickle cell disease (SCD), one of the most common inherited genetic syndromes in the USA, is characterized by recurring episodes of acute illness and progressive multisystem organ injury. Individuals with SCD frequently present to the emergency department for a spectrum of complications, such as vaso-occlusive crises, infection, cholecystitis, and stroke. Imaging correlates for most of these presentations exist, positioning the emergency radiologist to play a pivotal role in facilitating patient care. Using a systems-based approach, we describe the acute and chronic imaging manifestations of SCD that an emergency radiologist can expect to encounter in most practice settings, highlighting the unique pathophysiology of this disorder that typically underlies the imaging findings.
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