Artificial intelligence in stroke imaging: Current and future perspectives
Clin Imaging . 2021 Jan;69:246-254. doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.09.005. Epub 2020 Sep 21.
Vivek S Yedavalli, Elizabeth Tong, Dann Martin, Kristen W Yeom, Nils D Forkert
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a fast-growing research area in computer science that aims to mimic cognitive processes through a number of techniques. Supervised machine learning, a subfield of AI, includes methods that can identify patterns in high-dimensional data using labeled 'ground truth' data and apply these learnt patterns to analyze, interpret, or make predictions on new datasets. Supervised machine learning has become a significant area of interest within the medical community. Radiology and neuroradiology in particular are especially well suited for application of machine learning due to the vast amount of data that is generated. One devastating disease for which neuroimaging plays a significant role in the clinical management is stroke. Within this context, AI techniques can play pivotal roles for image-based diagnosis and management of stroke. This overview focuses on the recent advances of artificial intelligence methods - particularly supervised machine learning and deep learning - with respect to workflow, image acquisition and reconstruction, and image interpretation in patients with acute stroke, while also discussing potential pitfalls and future applications.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.09.005