Bosniak Classification of Cystic Renal Masses Version 2019: Comparison of Categorization Using CT and MRI
AJR Am J Roentgenol . 2021 Feb;216(2):412-420. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.23656. Epub 2020 Dec 23.
Justin R Tse, Jody Shen, Luyao Shen, Luke Yoon, Aya Kamaya
BACKGROUND. Bosniak classification version 2019 proposed refinements for cystic renal mass characterization and now formally incorporates MRI, which may improve concordance with CT.
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to compare concordance of CT and MRI in evaluation of cystic renal masses using Bosniak classification version 2019.
METHODS. Three abdominal radiologists retrospectively reviewed 68 consecutive cystic renal masses from 45 patients assessed with both CT and MRI renal mass protocols within a year between 2005 and 2019. CT and MRI were reviewed independently and in separate sessions, using both the original and 2019 versions of Bosniak classification systems.
RESULTS. Using Bosniak classification version 2019, cystic renal masses were classified into 12 category I, 19 category II, 13 category IIF, four category III, and 20 category IV by CT and eight category I, 15 category II, 23 category IIF, nine category III, and 13 category IV by MRI. Among individual features, MRI showed more septa (p < 0.001, p = 0.046, p = 0.005; McNemar test) for all three radiologists, although both CT and MRI showed a similar number of protrusions (p = 0.823, p = 1.0, p = 0.302) and maximal septa and wall thickness (p = 1.0, p = 1.0, p = 0.145). Of the discordant cases with version 2019, MRI led to a higher categorization in 12 masses. The reason for upgrade was most commonly because of protrusions identified only on MRI (n = 4), an increased number of septa (n = 3), and a new category: heterogeneously T1-weighted hyperintensity (n = 3). Neither modality was more likely to lead to a categorization change for either version 2019 (p = 0.502; McNemar test) or the original (p = 0.823) Bosniak classification system. Overall interrater agreement was substantial for both CT (κ = 0.745) and MRI (κ = 0.655) using version 2019 and was slightly higher than that of the original system for CT (κ = 0.707) and MRI (κ = 0.623).
CONCLUSION. CT and MRI were concordant in the majority of cases using Bosniak classification version 2019, and category changes by modality were not statistically significant. Interrater agreements were substantial for both CT and MRI.
CLINICAL IMPACT. Bosniak classification version 2019 as applied to cystic renal masses has substantial interrater agreement and does not lead to systematic category upgrades with either CT or MRI.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.20.23656