Privacy Preserving Domain Adaptation for Semantic Segmentation of Medical Images
Serban Stan, Mohammad Rostami
Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have led to significant improvements in tasks involving semantic segmentation of images. CNNs are vulnerable in the area of biomedical image segmentation because of distributional gap between two source and target domains with different data modalities which leads to domain shift. Domain shift makes data annotations in new modalities necessary because models must be retrained from scratch. Unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) is proposed to adapt a model to new modalities using solely unlabeled target domain data. Common UDA algorithms require access to data points in the source domain which may not be feasible in medical imaging due to privacy concerns. In this work, we develop an algorithm for UDA in a privacy-constrained setting, where the source domain data is inaccessible. Our idea is based on encoding the information from the source samples into a prototypical distribution that is used as an intermediate distribution for aligning the target domain distribution with the source domain distribution. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm by comparing it to state-of-the-art medical image semantic segmentation approaches on two medical image semantic segmentation datasets.
Read Full Article Here: https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.00522