Simulated twin-phase pancreatic CT generated using single portal venous phase dual-energy CT acquisition in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2021 Jan 16. doi: 10.1007/s00261-020-02921-9. Online ahead of print.
Yoshifumi Noda, Toru Tochigi, Anushri Parakh, Avinash Kambadakone
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a simulated twin-phase pancreatic protocol CT generated from a single portal venous phase (PVP) dual-energy CT (DECT) acquisition in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).
Methods: In this retrospective study, we included 63 patients with PDAC who underwent pancreatic protocol (pancreatic phase [PP] and PVP) DECT. Two data sets were created from this original acquisition-(1) Standard protocol (50 keV PP/65 keV PVP) and (2) Simulated protocol (40 keV/65 keV PVP). Using a 5-point scale, three readers scored image quality, tumor conspicuity, and arterial involvement by the PDAC. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the pancreas and tumor-to-pancreas contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated. Qualitative scores, quantitative parameters, and radiation dose were compared between standard and simulated protocols.
Results: No significant difference in detection rate of PDAC was seen between the standard (58/63, 92.1%) and simulated protocols (56/63, 88.9%) (P = 0.76). Subjective scoring for arterial involvement for celiac (P = 0.86), superior mesenteric (P = 0.88), splenic (P = 0.86), common hepatic (P = 0.52), gastroduodenal (P = 0.95), first jejunal (P = 0.48) arteries, and aorta (P = 1.00) were comparable between two protocols. The image quality (P = 0.14), the SNR of the pancreas (P = 0.15), and CNR (P = 0.54) were comparable between two protocols. The projected mean dose-length product (DLP) (629.6 ± 148.3 mGy cm) in the simulated protocol showed a 44% reduction in radiation dose compared to the standard protocol (mean DLP, 1123.3 ± 268.9 mGy cm) (P < 0.0001).
Conclusions: Low keV images generated from a PVP DECT acquisition allows creation of a twin-phase pancreatic protocol CT with comparable diagnostic accuracy for detecting PDAC with significant reduction in radiation dose. Reduced radiation dose is desirable in surveillance and screening for pancreatic diseases.
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