Evaluation of the urinary bladder using three-dimensional CT cinematic rendering
Diagn Interv Imaging . 2020 Dec;101(12):771-781. doi: 10.1016/j.diii.2020.07.006. Epub 2020 Aug 13.
S P Rowe, A R Meyer, M A Gorin, L C Chu, E K Fishman
Three-dimensional (3D) visualizations of volumetric data from computed tomography (CT) acquisitions can be important adjuncts to interpretation of two-dimensional (2D) reconstructions. Recently, the 3D technique known as cinematic rendering (CR) was introduced, allowing photorealistic images to be created from standard CT acquisitions. CR methodology is under increasing investigation for use in the display of regions of complex anatomy and as a tool for education and preoperative planning. In this article, we will illustrate the potential utility of CR for evaluating the urinary bladder and associated pathology. The urinary bladder is susceptible to a multitude of neoplastic and inflammatory conditions and their sequelae. The intrinsic properties of CR may prove useful for the display of subtle mucosal/luminal irregularities, the simultaneous display of soft tissue detail with high-resolution maps of associated tumor neovasculature, and the improved display of spatial relationships to aid pre-procedural planning. Further refinement of presets for CR image creation and prospective evaluation of urinary bladder CR in real-world settings will be important for widespread clinical adoption.
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