3D reconstructions, 4D imaging and postprocessing with CT in musculoskeletal disorders: Past, present and future
Diagn Interv Imaging . 2020 Oct 6;S2211-5684(20)30225-4. doi: 10.1016/j.diii.2020.09.008. Online ahead of print.
A Blum, R Gillet, A Rauch, A Urbaneja, H Biouichi, G Dodin, E Germain, C Lombard, P Jaquet, M Louis, L Simon, P Gondim Teixeira
Three-dimensional (3D) imaging and post processing are common tasks used daily in many disciplines. The purpose of this article is to review the new postprocessing tools available. Although 3D imaging can be applied to all anatomical regions and used with all imaging techniques, its most varied and relevant applications are found with computed tomography (CT) data in musculoskeletal imaging. These new applications include global illumination rendering (GIR), unfolded rib reformations, subtracted CT angiography for bone analysis, dynamic studies, temporal subtraction and image fusion. In all of these tasks, registration and segmentation are two basic processes that affect the quality of the results. GIR simulates the complete interaction of photons with the scanned object, providing photorealistic volume rendering. Reformations to unfold the rib cage allow more accurate and faster diagnosis of rib lesions. Dynamic CT can be applied to cinematic joint evaluations a well as to perfusion and angiographic studies. Finally, more traditional techniques, such as minimum intensity projection, might find new applications for bone evaluation with the advent of ultra-high-resolution CT scanners. These tools can be used synergistically to provide morphologic, topographic and functional information and increase the versatility of CT.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diii.2020.09.008