S100A4 overexpression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: imaging biomarkers from whole-tumor evaluation with MRI and texture analysis
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2020 Aug 1. doi: 10.1007/s00261-020-02676-3. Online ahead of print.
Liang Liang, Rongkui Luo, Ying Ding, Kai Liu, Licheng Shen, Haiying Zeng, Yingqian Ge, Mengsu Zeng
Objective: To investigate the relationship between imaging findings and S100A4 overexpression in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and to determine imaging biomarkers of S100A4 overexpression from whole-tumor evaluation with MRI and texture analysis.
Methods: A total of 60 patients with pathologically confirmed PDAC were included in the study. All patients underwent preoperative abdominal contrast-enhanced MRI examination with Magnetom Aera (Siemens Healthcare, Germany, 1.5 T) at our institute. Whole-tumor evaluation including texture analysis was performed. Sections of specimens were reviewed, and the S100A4 expression status was quantitatively evaluated. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to find imaging biomarkers that could predict S100A4 overexpression.
Results: Twenty-four tumors (40.0%) had negative results for S100A4 overexpression, and 36 tumors (60.0%) exhibited overexpression. After univariate and multivariate analysis, distal pancreatic duct dilatation, T1WI_10th percentile and the enhancement rate difference between delayed phase (DP) and portal venous phase (PVP) were identified to predict S100A4 overexpression in PDAC independently (p = 0.009, 0.012 and 0.044), with odds ratios (ORs) of 0.102, 0.139 and 4.645, respectively. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) values were 0.715, 0.707 and 0.691. The AUC value of the proposed model was 0.877 with a sensitivity of 80.6% and specificity of 75.0%.
Conclusion: A model including distal pancreatic duct dilatation, T1WI_10th percentile and the enhancement rate difference between the DP and PVP could predict S100A4 overexpression in PDAC as imaging biomarkers.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02676-3