A clinical and radiographic model to predict surgery for acute small bowel obstruction in Crohn's disease
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2020 Sep;45(9):2663-2668. doi: 10.1007/s00261-020-02514-6.
Sarina C Lowe, Justin Ream, David Hudesman, Lisa Malter, Brian Bosworth, Yuhe Xia, Hua Zhong, Bari Dane, Alec Megibow, Shannon Chang
Purpose: For more than half of Crohn's disease patients, strictures will cause bowel obstructions that require surgery within 10 years of their initial diagnosis. This study utilizes computed tomography imaging and clinical data obtained at the initial emergency room visit to create a prediction model for progression to surgery in Crohn's disease patients with acute small bowel obstructions.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients who presented to the emergency room with an ICD-10 diagnosis for Crohn's disease and visit diagnosis of small bowel obstruction. Two expert abdominal radiologists evaluated the CT scans for bowel wall thickness, maximal and minimal luminal diameters, length of diseased segment, passage of oral contrast, evidence of penetrating disease, bowel wall hyperenhancement or stratification, presence of a comb sign, fat hypertrophy, and small bowel feces sign. The primary outcome was progression to surgery within 6 months of presentation. The secondary outcome was time to readmission.
Results: Forty patients met the inclusion criteria, with 78% receiving medical treatment alone and 22% undergoing surgery within 6 months of presentation to the emergency room. Multivariable analysis produced a model with an AUC of 92% (95% CI 0.82-1.00), 78% sensitivity, and 97% specificity, using gender, body mass index, and the radiographic features of segment length, penetrating disease, and bowel wall hyperenhancement.
Conclusions: The model demonstrates that routine clinical and radiographic data from an emergency room visit can predict progression to surgery, and has the potential to risk stratify patients, guide management in the acute setting, and predict readmission.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02514-6