Deep Learning for Natural Language Processing in Radiology-Fundamentals and a Systematic Review
J Am Coll Radiol . 2020 May;17(5):639-648. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2019.12.026. Epub 2020 Jan 28.
Vera Sorin, Yiftach Barash, Eli Konen, Eyal Klang
Purpose: Natural language processing (NLP) enables conversion of free text into structured data. Recent innovations in deep learning technology provide improved NLP performance. We aimed to survey deep learning NLP fundamentals and review radiology-related research.
Methods: This systematic review was reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We searched for deep learning NLP radiology studies published up to September 2019. MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar were used as search databases.
Results: Ten relevant studies published between 2018 and 2019 were identified. Deep learning models applied for NLP in radiology are convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks, long short-term memory networks, and attention networks. Deep learning NLP applications in radiology include flagging of diagnoses such as pulmonary embolisms and fractures, labeling follow-up recommendations, and automatic selection of imaging protocols. Deep learning NLP models perform as well as or better than traditional NLP models.
Conclusion: Research and use of deep learning NLP in radiology is increasing. Acquaintance with this technology can help prepare radiologists for the coming changes in their field.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2019.12.026