A Review on the Use of Artificial Intelligence for Medical Imaging of the Lungs of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019
Diagn Interv Radiol . 2020 May 21. doi: 10.5152/dir.2019.20294. Online ahead of print.
Rintaro Ito, Shingo Iwano, Shinji Naganawa
The results of research on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) for medical imaging of the lungs of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been published in various forms. In this study, we reviewed the AI for diagnostic imaging of COVID-19 pneumonia. PubMed, arXiv, medRxiv, and Google scholar were used to search for AI studies. There were 15 studies of COVID-19 that used AI for medical imaging. Of these, 11 studies used AI for computed tomography (CT) and 4 used AI for chest radiography. Eight studies presented independent test data, 5 used disclosed data, and 4 disclosed the AI source codes. The number of datasets ranged from 106 to 5941, with sensitivities ranging from 0.67-1.00 and specificities ranging from 0.81-1.00 for prediction of COVID-19 pneumonia. Four studies with independent test datasets showed a breakdown of the data ratio and reported prediction of COVID-19 pneumonia with sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC). These 4 studies showed very high sensitivity, specificity, and AUC, in the range of 0.9-0.98, 0.91-0.96, and 0.96-0.99, respectively.
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