The prognostic value of multidetector CT features in predicting overall survival outcomes in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
Eur J Radiol. 2020 Jan 23;124:108847. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2020.108847. [Epub ahead of print]
Yang B, Chen HY, Zhang XY, Pan Y, Lu YF, Yu RS.
PURPOSE: To assess the prognostic value of multidetector CT in predicting overall survival outcomes in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs).
METHOD: Seventy-one patients pathologically diagnosed with PNETs were retrospectively included. The clinical and imaging information was evaluated by two radiologists. The difference between well-differentiated and poorly differentiated PNETs was analyzed. Cox proportional hazards models were created to determine the risk factors for overall survival. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses with log-rank tests were used among different subgroups of patients with PNETs.
RESULTS: In the whole cohort, the median survival was 36 months, and the 5-year survival rate was 84.8 %. Patients with poorly differentiated PNETs were more likely to present with symptoms, abnormal tumor markers, larger diameters, irregular shapes, ill-defined margins, invasion into nearby tissues, liver and lymph node metastases, and lower enhancement ratio than those with well-differentiated PNETs (P < 0.05). In the multivariate analysis, lymph node metastases (hazard ratio: 21.52, P = 0.009) and a portal enhancement ratio less than 1.02 (hazard ratio: 30.89, P = 0.024) were significant factors for overall survival. Overall survival decreased with an ill-defined margin, irregular shape, poor differentiation, grade 3 disease, nonfunctional status, abnormal tumor marker levels, invasion into nearby tissues, lymph node and liver metastases, and lower enhancement ratio (log-rank P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Poorly differentiated PNETs were more aggressiveness than well-differentiated PNETs. Lymph node metastases and a portal enhancement ratio < 1.02 were independent prognostic factors for worse overall survival outcomes in patients with PNETs.
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