Case 268: Bilateral Adrenal Hemorrhage in the Context of Sepsis.
Radiology. 2019 Aug;292(2):503-506. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2019170489.
Alves Pereira FD, Hickson ML, Wilson PAJ.
History: A 65-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of constipation, which was associated with increasing abdominal distention and not passing flatus. Four weeks prior to the current admission he had been diagnosed with metastatic primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix. One week ago, he had been hospitalized with small-bowel obstruction, for which he required laparotomy and loop ileostomy. His medical history included basal cell carcinoma, rheumatoid arthritis, and Barrett esophagus. Physical examination revealed a distended abdomen with tenderness at palpation within the right upper quadrant and lower abdomen and reduced bowel sounds at auscultation. Initial plain-film radiography of the abdomen at admission revealed dilated gas-filled small-bowel loops, suggestive of obstruction. His small-bowel obstruction was managed conservatively on this occasion. Nine days after admission, the patient became unwell and reported a productive cough. He became tachycardic, tachypneic, and hypotensive. Relevant blood tests at this stage revealed a C-reactive protein level of 206 mg/L (normal range, 0-10 mg/L), a white blood cell count of 24.5 × 109/L (normal range, [4.0-11.0] × 109/L), a red blood cell count of 3.39 × 1012/L (normal range, [4.5-5.5] × 1012/L), a hemoglobin level of 93 g/L (normal range, 130-170 g/L), and a hematocrit level of 0.27 (normal range, 0.4-0.5). CT of the abdomen and pelvis with intravenous contrast material (100 mL Omnipaque 350; GE Healthcare, Oslo, Norway) was performed.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2019170489