Congenital Oral Masses: An Anatomic Approach to Diagnosis
Molly C. Chapman, Bruno P. Soares, Yi Li, Dorothy J. Shum, Orit A. Glenn, Christine M. Glastonbury, Jesse L. Courtier
Although congenital oral masses are rare, they are readily detectable during fetal US screening. Most congenital oral masses are benign, but some may cause mechanical airway obstruction, resulting in poor outcomes at delivery. The radiologist’s ability to describe these abnormalities and their physiologic sequelae accurately can have a substantial effect on perinatal treatment. Furthermore, despite being rare, congenital oral lesions encountered at screening and at follow up fetal MRI provide the opportunity to make a specific diagnosis by following a simple anatomic approach. This article describes an anatomic algorithm as the framework for accurate diagnosis of congenital oral lesions. The imaging appearance of the most common congenital oral cavity neoplasms is outlined, including vascular anomalies, epulides, choristomas, congenital lingual thyroid anomalies, lingual hamartomas, and epignathi, and other conditions that mimic these at US. Also reviewed are perinatal management of masses that affect the fetal airway and the imaging features key to optimizing delivery outcomes.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180128