Double ROI Timing Bolus Technique to Perform Aortic CT Angiography With a 9-Second Contrast Injection Duration
Tomizawa N, Ito S, Nakao T, Arakawa H, Yamamoto K, Inoh S, Nojo T, Nakamura S
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a double ROI timing bolus technique for performing aortic CT angiography (CTA) with 40 mL of contrast medium over 9 seconds.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective study from February to July 2018 included 106 patients with clinical indications for evaluation of aortic aneurysm or dissection or suspected aortic disease. Forty-seven of these patients had undergone prior aortic CTA by the conventional method. The scanning speed for the double ROI timing bolus technique was calculated from the time-attenuation curves of the ascending and descending aorta by use of the timing bolus data to synchronize aortic flow. The conventional scan was obtained by injection of 1.7 mL of contrast medium per kilogram of body weight for 25 seconds. Enhancement of six points on the aortoiliac arteries and superior vena cava was measured. The t test was used to compare the values.
RESULTS: Use of the double ROI timing bolus method significantly reduced the amount of contrast medium injected compared with the amount for the conventional method (40.0 mL vs 88.0 ± 9.4 mL, p < 0.001). Use of the method significantly increased aortoiliac enhancement (403.3 ± 76.0 HU vs 359.7 ± 61.5 HU, p < 0.001) and significantly decreased enhancement of the superior vena cava (118.9 ± 46.2 HU vs 239.2 ± 130.5 HU, p < 0.001) compared with the conventional method. In the group with prior CTA images available, the effective dose was significantly lower with the double ROI timing bolus than with the conventional method (8.3 ± 1.7 mSv vs 12.4 ± 3.2 mSv, p < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: Use of the double ROI timing bolus method can dramatically reduce the amount of contrast medium used during aortic CTA while improving aortic enhancement and reducing radiation dose.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.20766