Impact of a Multifaceted Information Technology-Enabled Intervention on the Adoption of ACR White Paper Follow-Up Recommendations for Incidental Adnexal Lesions Detected on CT
Shinagare AB, Alper E, Wang A, Ip IK, Khorasani R.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to improve adherence to American College of Radiology (ACR) white paper follow-up imaging recommendations for incidental adnexal lesions seen on pelvic CT (herein referred to as "adherence rate to recommendations").
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quality improvement project was conducted at a large academic teaching hospital. The baseline adherence rate to recommendations was assessed by screening all pelvic CT reports for the period from October 22, 2016, through December 22, 2016, for incidental adnexal findings, followed by manual review. Forty abdominal and cancer imaging radiologists were surveyed to understand the barriers to adoption of the recommendations. Interventions to address the most common identified barriers were implemented on December 23, 2016. The postintervention adherence rate was assessed from December 23, 2016, through February 15, 2017, by again screening CT pelvis reports for incidental adnexal lesions followed by manual review. The change in pre- and postintervention adherence rates was assessed using the Fisher exact test and statistical process control (SPC) p-chart with 3-sigma control limits.
RESULTS: The adherence rate to recommendations at baseline was 67% (121/181). Of the 28 of 40 (70%) radiologists who completed the survey, only 29% (8/28) often or consistently used the recommendations. Not remembering the details of the recommendations or not having time to look them up accounted for 83.3% of the barriers cited by radiologists. Interventions consisted of radiologist education and creation of an easily accessible clinical decision support tool incorporated into radiology reporting workflow. The adherence rate to recommendations after the intervention increased to 87% (129/148; p < 0.0001), as also shown by the SPC chart.
CONCLUSION: The rate of adherence to follow-up imaging recommendations significantly increased after radiologist education and incorporation of recommendations into the radiologist workflow.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.20468