Using Machine Learning to Predict One-year Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Severe Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Rui Chen, Aijia Luc, Jingjing Wang, Xiaohai Ma, Lei Zhao, Wanjia Wu, Zhicheng Du, Hongwen Fei, Qiongwen Lin, Zhuliang Yu, Hui Liu
Purpose Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common form of cardiomyopathy and it is associated with poor outcomes. A poor prognosis of DCM patients with low ejection fraction has been noted in the short-term follow-up. Machine learning (ML) could aid clinicians in risk stratification and patient management after considering the correlation between numerous features and the outcomes. The present study aimed to predict the 1-year cardiovascular events in patients with severe DCM using ML, and aid clinicians in risk stratification and patient management.
Materials and Methods The dataset used to establish the ML model was obtained from 98 patients with severe DCM (LVEF < 35%) from two centres. Totally 32 features from clinical data were input to the ML algorithm, and the significant features highly relevant to the cardiovascular events were selected by Information gain (IG). A naive Bayes classifier was built, and its predictive performance was evaluated using the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristics by 10-fold cross-validation.
Results During the 1-year follow-up, a total of 22 patients met the criterion of the study end-point. The top features with IG > 0.01 were selected for ML model, including left atrial size (IG = 0.240), QRS duration (IG = 0.200), and systolic blood pressure (IG = 0.151). ML performed well in predicting cardiovascular events in patients with severe DCM (AUC, 0.887 [95% confidence interval, 0.813–0.961]).
Conclusions ML effectively predicted risk in patients with severe DCM in 1-year follow-up, and this may direct risk stratification and patient management in the future.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.06.004