"Worst Headache of Life" in a Migraineur: Marginal Value of Emergency Department CT Scanning.
J Am Coll Radiol. 2019 May;16(5):683-690. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2018.11.014. Epub 2019 Jan 17.
Sahraian S1, Beheshtian E1, Haj-Mirzaian A1, Alvin MD1, Yousem DM2.
PURPOSE: The ACR Appropriateness Criteria recommend performing noncontrast head CT (NCCT) for patients with sudden severe headache ("worst headache of life" [WHOL] or "thunderclap headache" [TCH]). The aim of this study was to assess the value of NCCT scanning in patients with known migraine histories and WHOL or TCH. The hypothesis was that there would be little utility in performing emergency department (ED) NCCT scans in migraineurs without other red flags, even if they had WHOL or TCH.
METHODS: The ED NCCT scans of all patients reporting WHOL or TCH who had established diagnoses of migraine were retrospectively reviewed over a 5-year period. Patients without known intracranial pathology, cancer, or immunocompromising disease or recent head trauma were included as the main study group. For comparison, patients with any of those factors were included as the comparison group. Scans were graded as (1) normal, (2) minor unimportant findings, (3) findings requiring intervention or follow-up, or (4) critical.
RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-four patients with the chief symptom of WHOL or TCH and a history of migraine who underwent ED NCCT were studied. In the main study group, no patients had grade 4 imaging findings (0%), one had a false-positive grade 3 finding (0.8%), and there were no cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage (0%). In the comparison group, six patients had grade 4 imaging findings (6.5%) and three had grade 3 findings (3.3%).
CONCLUSIONS: NCCT in known migraineurs with WHOL or TCH who do not have intracranial pathology, cancer, immunocompromising disease, or recent head trauma yielded no critical findings. Therefore, the value of scanning these patients is questionable.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2018.11.014