Comparison of Tin Filter-Based Spectral Shaping CT and Low-Dose Protocol for Detection of Urinary Calculi.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2019 Apr;212(4):808-814. doi: 10.2214/AJR.18.20154. Epub 2019 Jan 23.
Mozaffary A1, Trabzonlu TA1, Kim D1, Yaghmai V1.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the performance of tin filter-based spectral shaping CT compared with routine low-dose CT for detection of urolithiasis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Unenhanced third-generation dual-source CT scans of 129 consecutively registered patients were retrospectively reviewed: 43 patients underwent CT for detection of renal stones with tin filtration (Sn150 kV); 43 patients underwent a routine low-dose CT protocol at 100 kV; and 43 patients underwent a routine CT protocol with automated tube potential selection (110-120 kV). Image quality was evaluated subjectively and objectively. Volume CT dose index (CTDIvol) and size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) were recorded. To prospectively compare the performances of the spectral shaping protocol (Sn150 kV) with the standard (120 kV) and routine low-dose (100 kV) protocols, a phantom (sheep kidneys) containing stones were also scanned with each protocol and evaluated by two radiologists.
RESULTS: CT with tin filtration resulted in 28% and 66% reduction in CTDIvol compared with CT performed with routine low-dose and standard-dose protocols (p < 0.05). Accordingly, it also led to 24% and 55% reduction in SSDE compared with the low-dose and standard protocols (p < 0.05). Subjective image quality and signal-to-noise ratio were similar between the tin filtration and the routine low-dose groups (p > 0.05). The objective image noise was similar in the three groups (p > 0.05). The phantom study showed no difference in detection of renal stones between the three tube potential settings.
CONCLUSION: Using spectral shaping with tin filtration can substantially reduce radiation dose compared with routine standard- and low-dose abdominal CT for urinary stone disease.