CT imaging of inflatable penile prosthesis complications: a pictorial essay.
Abdom Radiol (NY). 2019 Feb;44(2):739-748. doi: 10.1007/s00261-018-1764-0.
Chou HL1, Mohsen NA2, Garber BB2, Feldstein DC2.
PURPOSE: Inflatable penile prostheses (IPPs) are widely used in the United States, for patients with erectile dysfunction refractory to other treatments. Complications subsequent to IPP insertion include infection, hematoma, fluid leak, component (cylinder/pump/reservoir) complications, and retained previous IPP components. Radiologists are often called upon to identify and characterize these complications utilizing CT prior to intervention. Our paper aims to provide a guide to familiarize radiologists with normal IPP component imaging and review the CT findings of commonly encountered complications.
METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively reviewed CT reports with descriptions of IPPs from 108 patients. We collected CT images of normal IPP components as well as reevaluated the CT findings of 33 patients with an IPP complication and correlated with immediately subsequent operative report.
RESULTS: The CT appearance of appropriately positioned normal IPP components in asymptomatic patients and each complication were described and compared to previous literature.
CONCLUSIONS: CT is a very useful modality to assess an IPP-related complication. It is inexpensive, fast, and immediately available in emergent situations, e.g., infection, hematoma, and component erosion. Additionally, CT is very sensitive and makes it easier to diagnose a system leak. It can identify most cylinder complications and pump malposition and can be extremely helpful to the surgeon in preoperative planning if revision is needed. After this review, the radiologist should be able to identify normal IPP components and their complications.