Textural analysis on contrast-enhanced CT in pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms: association with WHO grade.
Abdom Radiol (NY). 2019 Feb;44(2):576-585. doi: 10.1007/s00261-018-1763-1.
Guo C1, Zhuge X2, Wang Z3, Wang Q1, Sun K4, Feng Z5, Chen X6.
PURPOSE: Grades of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) are associated with the choice of treatment strategies. Texture analysis has been used in tumor diagnosis and staging evaluation. In this study, we aim to evaluate the potential ability of texture parameters in differentiation of PNENs grades.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 37 patients with histologically proven PNENs and underwent pretreatment dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography examinations were retrospectively analyzed. Imaging features and texture features at contrast-enhanced images were evaluated. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine the cut-off values and the sensitivity and specificity of prediction.
RESULTS: There were significant differences in tumor margin, pancreatic duct dilatation, lymph nodes invasion, size, portal enhancement ratio (PER), arterial enhancement ratio (AER), mean grey-level intensity, kurtosis, entropy, and uniformity among G1, G2, and pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (PNEC) G3 (p < 0.01). Similar results were found between pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) G1/G2 and PNEC G3. AER and PER showed the best sensitivity (0.86-0.94) and specificity (0.92-1.0) for differentiating PNEC G3 from PNETs G1/G2. Mean grey-level intensity, entropy, and uniformity also showed acceptable sensitivity (0.73-0.91) and specificity (0.85-1.0). Mean grey-level intensity was also showed acceptable sensitivity (91% to 100%) and specificity (82% to 91%) in differentiating PNET G1 from PNET G2.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that texture parameters have potential in grading PNENs, in particular in differentiating PNEC G3 from PNETs G1/G2.