An imaging-based review of systemic therapies and associated toxicities in metastatic pancreatic cancer as per the 2018 ASCO guidelines: what every radiologist should know
Daniel A. Smith, Bhanusupriya Somarouthu, Nikhil H. Ramaiya
Objective: To provide an overview of what radiologists should know about systemic agents utilized in the modern treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer and their associated toxicities.
Results: The clinical landscape of metastatic pancreatic cancer has significantly evolved in recent years, with the advent of new first- and second-line systemic therapies. As these systemic treatment options continue to expand, knowledge of their clinically relevant features is becoming critical for radiologists. While the issues of surgical resectability and tumor response evaluation of advanced stages of pancreatic cancer have been thoroughly discussed in the radiology literature, the diagnostic importance of systemic therapies has tended to be less well appreciated. In this review, we provide a primer for radiologists outlining the radiologically pertinent features of modern systemic therapies used in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. These systemic agents are discussed from the standpoint of the newly updated 2018 ( https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01954-z) guidelines for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Understanding the radiology relevance of these modern therapeutic agents is critical, especially with regard to treatment response and toxicity assessment.
Conclusion: Knowledge of the modern systemic therapies utilized in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer and their associated toxicity profiles is critical in diagnostic imaging interpretation.