Pancreatic cystic lesions: risk stratification and management based on recent guidelines
Benjamin M Stutchfield1, Manu Nayar2, Ian D Penman3
Pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) can present complex diagnostic and management challenges with uncertainty as to the most appropriate investigations, interventions and surveillance. Guidelines have been developed to aid decision making, including the European Study Group, American College of Gastroenterology and International Study Group guidelines. This paper presents issues relating to risk stratification and the appropriate management of patients with PCLs, reviewing these recently published guidelines. While there are similarities across these expert guidelines, there are notable differences in terms of features associated with increased risk of malignant transformation, the most appropriate imaging modality and timing of interval imaging. Where variations exist, this reflects differing interpretations of a limited evidence base, and decision making will likely evolve further as experience with these guidelines develops.