Altered laryngeal morphology in Period1 deficient mice.
Ann Anat. 2019 Feb 1. pii: S0940-9602(19)30009-3. doi: 10.1016/j.aanat.2019.01.009. [Epub ahead of print]
Bahlmann O1, Schürmann C2, Marond E3.
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) of mice are produced in and emitted by the larynx. However, which anatomical elements of the mouse larynx are involved and to which aspects of USV they contribute is not clear. Frequency and amplitude parameters of mice, deficient in the clock gene Period1 (mPer1-/- mice) are distinguishably different compared to C3H wildtype (WT) controls. Because structural differences in the larynx may be a reason for the different USV observed, we analyzed laryngeal anatomy of mPer1-/- mice and WT control animals using micro-computer-tomography and stereology.
RESULTS: In mPer1-/- mice, we found laryngeal cartilages to be normally arranged, and the thyroid, arytenoid and epiglottal cartilages were similar in diameter and volume measurements, compared to WT mice. However, in the cricoid cartilage, a significant difference in the dorso-ventral diameter and volume was evident.
CONCLUSION: Our findings imply that laryngeal morphology is affected by inactivation of the clock gene Period1 in mice, which may contribute to their abnormal USV.