Coronary CTA enhanced with CTA based FFR analysis provides higher diagnostic value than invasive coronary angiography in patients with intermediate coronary stenosis.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):62-67. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2018.10.004. Epub 2018 Oct 2.
Wardziak Ł1, Kruk M2, Pleban W3, Demkow M4, Rużyłło W5, Dzielińska Z6, Kępka C7.
BACKGROUND: CTA based FFR, a software based application, enhances diagnostic value of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) examination. However it remains unknown whether it improves accuracy over the gold standard of invasive coronary angiography (ICA) in predicting functionally significant coronary stenosis. The aim of our study was to compare diagnostic accuracies of coronary CTA, CTA based FFR, and ICA, with invasive FFR as the reference standard in patients with intermediate stenosis on CTA.
METHODS: 96 intermediate stenoses (50-90%) from 90 subjects, with intermediate pre-test probability of CAD, who underwent coronary CTA were analyzed. Each patient had subsequent ICA with FFR. CTA based FFR (cFFR v2.1, Siemens) analysis was performed on-site. The stenoses with invasive FFR≤0.8 were considered hemodynamically significant.
RESULTS: 41/96 stenoses were hemodynamically significant (FFR≤0.8). While the area under ROC curves (AUC) for identification of significant stenosis evaluated on QCA (0.653), visual ICA (0.652), qCTA (0.690) and visual CTA (0.660) did not significantly differ, the AUC for CTA based FFR (0.835) was significantly higher (p = 0.004, p = 0.004, p = 0.010, p = 0.007, respectively). The accuracies of CTA based FFR, qCTA and QCA were 76%, 63% and 58% respectively.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that diagnostic potential of routine coronary CTA, augmented with CTA based FFR analysis, is superior to ICA in patients with intermediate stenosis.