Artificial Intelligence for Breast MRI in 2008-2018: A Systematic Mapping Review.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2019 Feb;212(2):280-292. doi: 10.2214/AJR.18.20389. Epub 2019 Jan 2.
Codari M1, Schiaffino S1, Sardanelli F1,2, Trimboli RM2.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to review literature from the past decade on applications of artificial intelligence (AI) to breast MRI.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In June 2018, a systematic search of the literature was performed to identify articles on the use of AI in breast MRI. For each article identified, the surname of the first author, year of publication, journal of publication, Web of Science Core Collection journal category, country of affiliation of the first author, study design, dataset, study aim(s), AI methods used, and, when available, diagnostic performance were recorded.
RESULTS: Sixty-seven studies, 58 (87%) of which had a retrospective design, were analyzed. When journal categories were considered, 36% of articles were identified as being included in the radiology and imaging journal category. Contrast-enhanced sequences were used for most AI applications (n = 50; 75%) and, on occasion, were combined with other MRI sequences (n = 8; 12%). Four main clinical aims were addressed: breast lesion classification (n = 36; 54%), image processing (n = 14; 21%), prognostic imaging (n = 9; 13%), and response to neoadjuvant therapy (n = 8; 12%). Artificial neural networks, support vector machines, and clustering were the most frequently used algorithms, accounting for 66%. The performance achieved and the most frequently used techniques were then analyzed according to specific clinical aims. Supervised learning algorithms were primarily used for lesion characterization, with the AUC value from ROC analysis ranging from 0.74 to 0.98 (median, 0.87) and with that from prognostic imaging ranging from 0.62 to 0.88 (median, 0.80), whereas unsupervised learning was mainly used for image processing purposes.
CONCLUSION: Interest in the application of advanced AI methods to breast MRI is growing worldwide. Although this growth is encouraging, the current performance of AI applications in breast MRI means that such applications are still far from being incorporated into clinical practice.