Dual-Energy CT Urography With 50% Reduced Iodine Dose Versus Single-Energy CT Urography With Standard Iodine Dose.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2019 Jan;212(1):117-123. doi: 10.2214/AJR.18.19720. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Shuman WP1, Mileto A1, Busey JM1, Desai N1, Koprowicz KM1.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare dual-energy CT (DECT) urography with a 50% reduced iodine dose to single-energy CT (SECT) urography with a standard iodine dose with respect to attenuation of renal vascular and urinary tract structures and with respect to image quality.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 62 patients undergoing evaluation of urinary tract lithiasis, tumor, or hematuria. Thirty-one patients underwent DECT urography with a 50% reduced iodine dose and reconstruction at 50 and 77 keV. These subjects were sex, age, and size matched to a group of 31 patients who underwent 120-kVp SECT urography with a standard iodine dose. The mean iodine dose was 22 g for DECT and 44 g for SECT. Attenuation was measured at seven locations in the renal arteries, renal veins, and urinary tract. Two reviewers subjectively scored the image quality parameters image noise, sharpness of urinary tract contours, enhancement of urinary structures, and streak artifacts.
RESULTS: Mean DECT attenuation at 50 keV was the same as or greater than SECT attenuation at each of the seven locations. Measured image noise was highest at 50-keV DECT but was the same for 77-keV DECT and 120-kVp SECT. Mean subjective scores for DECT image quality parameters were the same as or higher than those of SECT, except for streak artifact and sharpness of urinary tract contours.
CONCLUSION: DECT urography with a 50% reduced iodine dose may result in measured renal vascular and urinary tract attenuation the same as or higher than and image quality measurements and scores similar to those obtained with 120-kVp SECT urography with a standard iodine dose.