Imaging neurological emergencies in pregnancy and puerperium.
Emerg Radiol. 2018 Dec;25(6):673-684. doi: 10.1007/s10140-018-1625-8. Epub 2018 Jul 20.
Haber MA1, Nunez D2.
The altered physiologic state of female patients during and just after pregnancy places them at an increased risk for several potentially life-threatening neurologic disorders. Swift diagnosis of such pathology and related complications is critical in order to reduce risk of morbidity and mortality to both the mother and the fetus. Neuroimaging plays an important role in the emergent diagnosis of pathology associated with pregnancy and puerperium, and it is critical for the radiologist to be cognizant of correlative imaging findings. Furthermore, given concerns regarding risks of neuroimaging to the fetus, it is important for the radiologist to act as an informed consultant regarding balancing fetal risks and the mother's health. The purpose of this review is to elucidate the underlying pathophysiology and neuroimaging findings associated with diagnoses that are unique to or highly associated with pregnancy and puerperium, as well as to understand the role that CT and MR play in diagnosis during and just after pregnancy, and their respective risks to the fetus.